30 April 2016

3595) The First Terror Activity of the Armenians in Istanbul: The 1890 Kumkapi Incident

The First Terror Activity of the Armenians in Istanbul: The 1890 Kumkapi Incident

Asst. Prof. Dr. Ramazan Erhan Güllü

Decleration entitled “Dasnıhink Hulis
(15 July), which was issued by the
Hinchak Committee addressing the
Armenian community and
which talked about the incidents
that were experienced and the
 objectives of the committee.

As it is well-known, the emergence of the Armenian Question in Ottoman diplomacy took place as a result of the articles that the Biritish Empire and Russia imposed for reforms to be made in favor of the Armenians who lived in the Ottoman State under the name of “Anatolian Reforms” (Karaca, 1993) in the agreements that were signed after the 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian War (War of 93) (Karal, 1983, s. 126; Küçük, 1986, p. 1.). However, this situation showed that the issue became a diplmatic topic and was turned into an international dimension. The Armenian Question, which was included in 16th article of the Ayastefanos Agreement and the 61st article of the Berlin Agreement, which was signed after the congress that was held in Berlin instead of the Ayastefanos Agreement, which had been abolished with the intervention of the British Empire, was in fact a subject whose roots were buried in much earlier times. The Ottoman State failed to end the problems among the various ethnic elements that lived in Eastern Anatolia until that time and the declining state was forced to admit that this topic was not only an internal issue because of the latest defeat it suffered vis-à-vis Russia. In addition, as it was indicated in the text, although reforms were made in favor of the Armenians, the expression that the Armenians would be protected from the attacks of the Kurds and Circassians meant that it was admitted that the attacks by the Kurds and Circassians against the Armenians could not be prevented and the state failed to establish authority in the region (Güllü, 2013, pp. 64-73.).

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3594) The Massacres of Armenians by the Greeks and the Sivas Disaster

The Massacres of Armenians by the Greeks and the Sivas Disaster

Prof. Dr. Kemalettin Kuzucu

Armenians, who accepted Christianity starting from the 3rd century, changed the name of Saint Grigor, who is recored as Grégoire in the Western sources and who introduced them to this religion, into Lusavorich (the illuminator), and they named their denomination as “Lusavorichagan.” Armenians have faced pressures from the Catholics and Orthodox Greeks throughout history to change their denomination. On the other hand, the areas where Armenians lived, being the location of Eastern and Western forces, prevented them from organizing politically, and Armenians someties sided with the Sassanians and sometimes sided with the Byzantines due to cluelessness and indecisiveness. Nevertheless, Armenians lived without peace for a long time because of political domination, religious attacks, and heavy taxes. Due to the effects of all of these, Armenians needed a political ally and decided to reach an agreement with the Muslims, who had become a new power in the region. This preference of the Armenians was the reason why Byzantium hated them.
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3593) Asala and “Children of Talat”

Asala and “Children of Talat”
Dr Mehmet Perinçek

French journalist and author, Jean-Pierre Richardot, interviewed hundreds of Armenians living in France when the ASALA activities broke out one after the other in the beginning of the 1980s in Europe. Richardot wrote his impressions based on these interviews, which lasted for one-and-a-half-years, and prepared a book titled “Arméniens: Quoi Qu’il En Coûte (Armenians: Whatever the Cost Is). The interviews made in different towns were sometimes short, sometimes long; sometimes on the street, at cafes, and sometimes at home. The French journalist also attended the cases where the ASALA militants were tried.
. . .

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3592) Historiography And The Future Of Multiculturalism In Europe: Perinçek V. Switzerland

Historiography And The Future Of Multiculturalism In Europe: Perinçek V. Switzerland

PhD Candidate
University of Utah

Abstract: The case of Perinçek v. Switzerland, seen at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), serves as an indication of a civic-integration crisis in parts of Europe. Since 9/11, the academic debate on multiculturalism has become highly politicized and has shifted away from previous postcolonialist sensibilities. The significance of historiography to national identity is currently understated in the relevant studies. Similarly, even though the ECHR recently ruled in favor of Dogu Perinçek, stating that there was no pressing social need to convict him because his speech was of a historical, legal and political nature, the Court did not consider, however, whether there is a pressing social need to ask how historiographical differences due to difference of national heritage stifle civil integration in Europe. The main argument in this paper is that historiographical adjustments toward a harmonious consolidation of historical narratives among groups of different national and ethnic background are a prerequisite for civil integration in Europe. It is a major misconception to think that multiculturalism is the reason for the failing integration of Muslims in Europe, while there are in existence irreconcilable narratives of national and religious history that are foundational in the formation of group identity. The conflicting characterizations of the events in 1915-16 provide a major example of this challenge.

Keywords: Perinçek v. Switzerland case, European Court of Human Rights, multiculturalism, integration, historiography . . .

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3591) Droshak Newspaper: A Newspaper That Openly Supported Terrorism

Droshak Newspaper: A Newspaper That Openly Supported Terrorism
Prof. Dr. Jean-Louis MATTEI

Abstract: In this article, the author studies one of the issues of the Droshak newspaper published in January 1897. Droshak (Flag) was the official news organ of the ARF (Armenian Revolutionary Federation) or Dashnaktsutyun. This issue, in particular, mentions the Van Revolt of 1896.

The issue also talks about the death of the revolutionary Bedo, who fell during the clashes. Bedo is portrayed as the “Protective Angel of the Armenians” and in the newspaper, Armenians are often called upon to exact their revenge. In fact the, Van Problem was to continue in the following years. For this reason, the Van Committee Members Aram Manukyan and Ishan were to give weapons to the Armenians and kill all of their opponents. Through such violent means, they prepared the 1915 Van Revolt. So, the Armenian thesis pretending that the revolt happened by itself is rebutted. The part of the newspaper that tells how the Priest Komitas was killed by a terrorist from Dashnaktsutiun openly shows that the Armenian terrorism was first of all directed against the other Armenians who refused to co-operate with the Committees. After comparing different documents, the author speaks of the efforts made by Avetis Aharonian and Kristapor Mikaelian for promoting the Droshak on the international arena. In the future, Droshak was to give birth to the French Pro Armenia that concealed its terrorist mindset, and became a tool in the hands of the Dashnaktsutyun Members.

Keywords: Droshak newspaper, 1896 Van Revolt, 1915 Van Revolt, Pro Armenia newspaper. . . .

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29 April 2016

3590) Declassified CIA Report About Armenian Terrorism

Declassified CIA Report About Armenian Terrorism

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14 April 2016

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  1. Infographics: Events Before The Armenian Relocation Starting in 1774
  2. Infographics: Events Following Armenian Relocation Starting in 1915
  3. Infographics: What's Relocation ?
  4. Infographics: ASALA's Assassinations
  5. Infographics: Armenian Revolts - Missionary Activities And Revolts
  6. Infographics: Answers To Armenian Allegations
  7. Infographics: Armenian Population Statistics
  8. Infographics: Armenian Terrorist Organisations
  9. Infographics: ASALA
  10. Infographics : High Rank Armenian Officials In The Ottoman Empire
  11. Infographics: Hovhannes Katchaznouni
  12. Infographics: Khojaly Genocide By Armenians
  13. Infographics: Armenian Allegations Economics
  14. Notes of Captain Niles and Mr Sutherland taken on trips of investigation Jul-Aug 1919
  15. Odd Armenian Quarter in Constantinople - Los Angeles Herald, V 45, No 135, 23 Feb 1896
  16. Armenian Anarchists Kill Turkish Soldiers in Galata - San Francisco Call, Vol 80, No 97, 5 Sep 1896
  17. Near East Most Desperate -Mariposa Gazette, No 33, 10 Jan 1920

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