The First Terror Activity of the Armenians in Istanbul: The 1890 Kumkapi Incident
Asst. Prof. Dr. Ramazan Erhan Güllü
|Decleration entitled “Dasnıhink Hulis|
(15 July), which was issued by the
Hinchak Committee addressing the
Armenian community and
which talked about the incidents
that were experienced and the
objectives of the committee.
As it is well-known, the emergence of the Armenian Question in Ottoman diplomacy took place as a result of the articles that the Biritish Empire and Russia imposed for reforms to be made in favor of the Armenians who lived in the Ottoman State under the name of “Anatolian Reforms” (Karaca, 1993) in the agreements that were signed after the 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian War (War of 93) (Karal, 1983, s. 126; Küçük, 1986, p. 1.). However, this situation showed that the issue became a diplmatic topic and was turned into an international dimension. The Armenian Question, which was included in 16th article of the Ayastefanos Agreement and the 61st article of the Berlin Agreement, which was signed after the congress that was held in Berlin instead of the Ayastefanos Agreement, which had been abolished with the intervention of the British Empire, was in fact a subject whose roots were buried in much earlier times. The Ottoman State failed to end the problems among the various ethnic elements that lived in Eastern Anatolia until that time and the declining state was forced to admit that this topic was not only an internal issue because of the latest defeat it suffered vis-à-vis Russia. In addition, as it was indicated in the text, although reforms were made in favor of the Armenians, the expression that the Armenians would be protected from the attacks of the Kurds and Circassians meant that it was admitted that the attacks by the Kurds and Circassians against the Armenians could not be prevented and the state failed to establish authority in the region (Güllü, 2013, pp. 64-73.).
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