03 January 2015

3516) Special Report: The Turkish-Armenian Rapprochement



MICHAEL GUNTER* & DIRK ROCHTUS**
*Tennessee Technical University, USA
**Antwerp Lessius University College, Belgium

Perhaps one of the most intractable international disputes, the Turkish-Armenian enmity, until recently, seemed incapable even of being discussed let alone brokered. Once called the millet-i-sadika, or loyal millet, the Armenians in the eyes of the Turks became traitors during World War I and during 1915 were ‘deported,’ a euphemism to cover the horrors and massacres that, from the perspective of Armenians, was genocide.1 As a result of the Turkish-Armenian rapprochement, which is analyzed in this article, however, the two sides have agreed to establish an historical commission ‘to implement a dialogue on the historical dimension with the aim to restore mutual con?dence between the two nations, including an impartial scienti?c examination of the historical records and archives to de?ne existing problems and formulate recommendations.’2 . . .

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3515) Orientalism: ‘Terrible Turk’ Becomes a ‘Genocidal Turk’


M. HAKAN YAVUZ

University of Utah, USA

ABSTRACT

This article examines the connections between Orientalism and the construction of the stereotypic image, the ‘terrible Turk.’ It focuses on the major politically motivated texts that were produced during the First World War as war propaganda. These texts portrayed Turks as the enemy of civilization at a time when Britain and later the United States were at war with the Ottoman Empire, which unof?cially was known as Turkey in the West. In the years after the First World War, the essentially racist characterizations of Turks in these polemical texts made them undiplomatic and they essentially were forgotten. In recent decades, however, diverse international actors have been recycling these texts in a concerted effort to delegitimize the Republic of Turkey and to ‘otherize’ Turks as ‘genocidal’ for deporting the Armenian population out of eastern Anatolia in 1915. By examining the motives behind both the Armenian and Turkish reframing of the 1915 events as a Turkish genocide campaign against Armenians or an Armenian mezalim [atrocity] against Muslims, the article criticizes both approaches and provides a new framework for mutual understanding between Christians and Muslims.

KEY WORDS

Armenian Revolutionary Federation; Armenians; Anatolia; John Bryce; First World War; Genocide; Islamophobia; mezalim; Muslims; Henry Morgenthau; Sr., Orientalism; Ottoman Empire; Arnold Toynbee . . .

. . .

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01 January 2015

3514) The G-Word: Armenian Massacre and the Politics of Genocide



By Thomas de Waal

January/February 2015

History boys: Armenians demonstrating against Turkey in Athens, April 2013 (Yannis Behrakis / Courtesy Reuters)

One hundred years ago this April, the Ottoman Empire began a brutal campaign of deporting and destroying its ethnic Armenian community, whom it accused of supporting Russia, a World War I enemy. More than a million Armenians died. As it commemorates the tragedy, the U.S. government, for its part, still finds itself wriggling on the nail on which it has hung for three decades: Should it use the term “genocide” to describe the Ottoman Empire’s actions toward the Armenians, or should it heed the warnings of its ally, Turkey, which vehemently opposes using the term and has threatened to recall its ambassador or even deny U.S. access to its military bases if the word is applied in this way? The first course of action would fulfill the wishes of the one-million-strong Armenian American community, as well as many historians, who argue that Washington has a moral imperative to use the term. The second would satisfy the strategists and officials who contend that the history is complicated and advise against antagonizing Turkey, a loyal strategic partner.

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3513) Armenian Population In Eastern Anatolia Around 1915: Brief History Of Armenian Hoaxes


Ata Atun, Near East University, Lefkosa, T. R. North Cyprus, TURKEY

ABSTRACT

Most of the Armenian allegations on the Armenian relocation in the year 1915 based on the Armenian Patriarch's reports and the book titled “Ambassador Morgenthau’s Story” written by Mr. Henry Morgenthau Sr. He was the U.S. Ambassador in Istanbul from 1913 to 1916, his book on which the Armenian allegations mainly based on, when cross checked day by day with his diary, reveals the fact that it is tailored rather than conveying the real truth on what happened during this era. The population and events recorded by various officials, organizations, Armenian Church ecclesiastics and local governments before Armenian relocation on 1915 and after the World War I, reveals the fact that the loss of lives during relocation is far below than the alleged fictitious number. The paper, going through various non-Ottoman documents, tries to reach to actual population before and after the relocation with the intention to figure out the number of loss of lives during this incident.

Keywords: Armenian relocation, 1915, Armenian population, Hearings in USA House of Representative, Deportation

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3512) (Australian) Department Of Foreign Affairs And Trade Released Internal Communication Documents About The “Events Of 1915”


Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Australia released internal communication documents about the “Events of 1915” under the Freedom of Information request made last month.

The letter requests DFAT to disclose “ANY” correspondence about “Armenian Genocide” and or “Armenian Massacres” from 1 January 2014 onwards. . .

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30 December 2014

Merry Christmas & Happy New Year / Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ / Noeliniz Ve Yeni Yılınız Kutlu Olsun

Merry Christmas & Happy New Year
Շնորհավոր Ամանոր և Սուրբ Ծնունդ
Noeliniz Ve Yeni Yılınız Kutlu Olsun
Lara-Murat-Seda

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10 December 2014

3511) Protesting Biased & Unbalanced Geoffrey Robertson QC Interview on ABC Australia

Protesting the biased and unbalanced ABC Australia in at least four programs - "Drum" , “Lateline” , “Q&A” and ABC News Radio on  Geoffrey Robertson QC interview.


In all of the programs, Mr Geoffrey Robertson QC, in Australia, funded by the Armenian Lobby, to promote his new book "An Inconvenient Genocide", was given free reign to advertise his publication apparently free of charge on the national broadcaster. . .

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07 December 2014

3510) "Genocide Denier Attacks Shark in Australia"


I am not a big-time barrister in London, I am not even a recording artist. This is not a gig for me. I am committed to studying facts. I am finding them.

This is my first time here in Australia.

Upon arrival yesterday, I heard some stories about sharks.

Considering the media here, I imagined how interesting it would be for a headline to read “Genocide denier attacks shark,” and

in the story the “genocide denier” would be quoted as saying “what shark?”


Israeli scholar of international politics, Tal Buenos, has taken aim at celebrity barrister, Geoffrey Robertson QC, and other media personalities who have jumped on the genocide “recognition” bandwagon.

Tal, in a recent speech over lunch to NSW Parliamentarians, in the Parliament House, called into question the accusation of genocide and denial against Turks. In a wide ranging, and well researched presentation, Tal also debunked the comparisons made between the Armenian experience and the Holocaust, and pointed at the politicisation of history that is inherent to such comparison.

The term “denier” is part of an attempt to silence any dissent on this topic, and to delegitimise any scholarly work on the topic that does not conform to the established orthodoxy. Tal drew a clear distinction between those who question whether the events of 1915-1916 could be called a genocide, and the very real menace of Holocaust denialism. Unlike Holocaust deniers – denialists in the true sense of the word – the Turkish Government is not denying the factual events.

Tal studies how the term genocide – its origin and current misuse – is tied with political purpose. Contrary to accepted wisdom, he asserts that promoting the events of 1915-1916 as a case of genocide is in fact a political game, aimed at keeping pressure on the Turkish Government.

Tal also canvassed the material facts of the events themselves. He presented a fresh, original view of what has become, at times, a tired and sterile debate.

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